Eugène Delacroix (1798 - 1863) 28th July, Liberty Leading the People (28 juillet 1830), details, Salon de 1831. Oil on canvas / H. 260 ; l. 325 cm. Paris, musée du Louvre, département des peintures.
The Paris uprising of July 27, 28, and 29, 1830, known as the Trois Glorieuses ("Three Glorious Days"), was initiated by the liberal republicans for violation of the Constitution by the Second Restoration government. Charles X, the last Bourbon king of France, was overthrown and replaced by Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans. Delacroix, who witnessed the uprising, perceived it as a modern subject for a painting; the resulting work reflects the same romantic fervor he had applied to Massacre at Chios, a painting inspired by the Greek war of independence.